Friday, May 22, 2020

A Brief Note On Ethics And Social Responsibility - 1543 Words

Women Equality Paige Haddock SOC 120: Introduction to Ethics Social Responsibility Shana Goodson 11/23/15 Introduction Promoting gender equality and empowering women and girls is a priority for the United States. Women’s equality has came a long ways. Women used to have it very hard historically, but even today women still experience some inequality towards men. In this paper it will examine the equalities in: voting, the workplace, and sexual harassment. This paper will also so how the ethical theories of Deontology and Utilitarianism plays a part and how the ethical perspective Emotivism also plays a part. Theories and Perspective Deontology is the reason for which the act is done and the rule according to which one chooses to act (Mosser, 2013). It doesn’t deny that the acts that we do have consequences (Mosser, 2013). It insists that those roles should not play a part in our moral evaluation of such acts (Mosser, 2013). Utilitarianism is a natural way to see whether an act is the right thing to do or the wrong thing to do it is to look at the results, or consequences of the act that we do (Mosser, 2013). Utilitarianism argues that, given a set of choices, the act that we should chose is one which produces the best results (Mosser, 2013). Emotivism offers a perspective on our ethical claims that eliminates much of the traditional kind of argument based on reason (Mosser, 2013). Emotivism, instead, sees our moral evaluation as simply the expression of whetherShow MoreRelatedA Brief Note On Ethics And Social Responsibility Essay1120 Words   |  5 Pages Discussion forum Unit 6 ETHICS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY The world most regions and countries are experiencing unexpected rapid demographic change. The practical example of this change is the â€Å"huge expansion of human population†. Over five billion been added to the world population of 1960. In addition, the projection highly increased to the next half century will expect a highly divergent worldRead MoreA Brief Note On Ethics And Social Responsibility Essay1128 Words   |  5 Pages ETHICS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY The world most regions and countries are experiencing unexpected rapid demographic change. The practical example of this change is the â€Å"huge expansion of human population†. Over five billion been added to the world population since 1960. In addition, the projection highly increased for the next half century will expect a highly divergent world. The stagnation or a potential decline in parts of the developed regions, other demographicRead MoreA Brief Note On Business Ethics And Social Responsibility1039 Words   |  5 PagesQUESTION 1 1.1.1 Social Responsibility – Social responsibility is the limiting of malpractice through regulation. It is measured by the contribution of a business towards the economy and the employment opportunities. (Erasmus, Strydom and Rudansky-Kloppers, 2015: 9) Employment Equity – Employment equity strives to produce equal employment opportunities for all members of the community. In 1998, the Employment Equity Act became law in South Africa and was designed to eradicate unfair discriminationRead MoreImportance Of Corporate Social Responsibility On Todays Society1136 Words   |  5 PagesImportance of Corporate Social Responsibility in today’s society Before five years, I came across a situation which led me to think about the importance and need of social responsibility by business enterprises. To start off giving a brief background, my brother was a fresh graduate from the school of architecture where he got his first individual contract in India. He had to design a mall that was planned to kick start after few years. The land where it was being constructed belonged to an oldRead MoreEthical System Table Essay958 Words   |  4 PagesDirections: 1. Fill in brief definitions of each primary ethical theory. 2. Identify alternate names or variations of each ethical system based on your reading of the text and supplemental materials. Match the real-world examples listed below with the corresponding systems. The first one has been completed for you in the table. a. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they like the taste of it. b. I believe that if sand is going to be eaten, it should beRead MoreThe Sarbanes Oxley ( Sox ) Act Of 20021617 Words   |  7 PagesThe focus of this week’s assignment is the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) Act of 2002. A brief historical summary of SOX will be presented, including the events leading up to its passage. The key ethical components of SOX will be identified and explained. The social responsibility implications of the mandatory publication of corporate ethics will be assessed. One of the main criticisms of SOX has been its implementation costs, and this specific criticism will be addressed in regards to smaller organizationsRead MoreImportance Of Corporate Social Responsibility On Todays Society1293 Words   |  6 PagesJait Shukla ENG W 131 Essay 2 Importance of Corporate Social Responsibility in Today’s Society Before five years, I came across a situation which led me to think about the importance and need of social responsibility by business enterprises. To start off giving a brief background, my brother was a fresh graduate from the school of architecture where he got his first individual contract in India. He had to design a mall that was planned to kick start after a few years. The land where it was beingRead MoreCounseling Services For A Counselor1565 Words   |  7 Pageswhat this means in relation to working with the child and adolescent population. Support your answer with information from the text (include page numbers), codes of ethics, and relevant laws. According to the ACA Code of Ethics A.2.a, counselors are required to provide their client with verbal and written rights and responsibilities for both client and counselor. Code A.2.b further explains the types of issues clients need to be informed of, such as: purposes, goals, techniques, procedures, limitationsRead MorePASTORAL COUNSELOR S IDENTITY AND ETHICS PAPER BClayton1713 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿ LIBERTY UNIVERSITY PASTORAL COUNSELORS IDENTITY AND ETHICS PAPER A PAPER SUBMITTED TO DR. STEVEN BROOKS PACO 500 INTRODUCTION TO PASTORAL COUNSELING BY BEN CLAYTON JR. DETROIT, MICHIGAN MARCH 22, 2015 Abstract This paper is comprised of information gathered in order establish and identify ethical boundaries and guidelines that are to be adhered by this counselor. This study also includes information that is needed to obtain necessary licensing and training to ensure proper pastoral careRead More Aristotle Essay777 Words   |  4 Pageshave been completely lost. Only a few brief excerpts of some of his technical notes have survived. However, the texts on which Aristotles reputation rests are largely based on his lecture notes for carefully outlined courses, which were collected and arranged by later editors. Among the texts are dissertations on: logic, called Organon; natural sciences, called Physics; nature, scope and properties of being, called Metaphysics; and ethics, called Nicomachean Ethics (dedicated to his son Nicomachus)

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Character Analysis Pride And Prejudice - 1160 Words

Seema Sabbagh Mr. Clark AP Literature, 6th 11/10/14 Pride and Prejudice 2002 - Morally ambiguous characters -- characters whose behavior discourages readers from identifying them as purely evil or purely good -- are at the heart of many works of literature. Choose a novel or play in which a morally ambiguous character plays a pivotal role. Then write an essay in which you explain how the character can be viewed as morally ambiguous and why his or her moral ambiguity is significant to the work as a whole. Avoid mere plot summary. Judging by reality and fiction, there is not a single person to exist that has been purely evil or purely good. Yet it is in human nature to judge others as good or evil. Elizabeth Bennet, the protagonist of Pride and Prejudice was quick to judge Fitzwilliam Darcy, the second central character of the novel, harshly based on her false assumptions of the arrogance of the wealthy. His initial egocentrism, due to his belief in a structured social hierarchy, caused her to form a prejudiced opinion of him. Throughout Pride and Prejudice, Fitzwilliam Darcy is shown to exhibit both good and evil qualities, although not always apparent to the narrator, Elizabeth. Jane Austen’s portrayal of Mr. Darcy as a morally ambiguous character uncovers the significance of class in English society during the late seventeenth century. The central theme of Pride and Prejudice is one of class. In a world where the lines of class are strictly drawn, the dignityShow MoreRelatedPride And Prejudic e Character Analysis1598 Words   |  7 Pagesanother era but also within generation themselves, as proves the character of Mr. Darcy. The evolution of Mr. Darcy’s character in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice symbolizes the disregarding of some of the values and behaviors regulating England’s Regency society such as class, reputation and the excess pride in such values. Mr. Darcy’s prejudice causes him to quickly judge others based solely on their social status and not their character, as society has taught him, to then realize that the two ofRead MoreCharacter Analysis of Pride and Prejudice Essay763 Words   |  4 PagesPride and Prejudice The characters and general setting in Jane Austens; Pride and Prejudice, portray life in the rural society of the day. Austen is very clear in setting up the social classes of the characters and immediately portrays why the book is titled Pride and Prejudice. Though the more specific example of Pride and Prejudice is that of Elizabeth and Darcy, and how they first view each other. There initial feelings towards one another set the plot of the novel. It is this constantRead MorePride And Prejudice Character Analysis1551 Words   |  7 PagesThe novel Pride and Prejudice was first published in 1813. Signet Classics published Jane Austen’s book in 1980. The story takes place in early 19th century England. Important settings are Longbourn: the Bennets’ estate, Netherfield Park: the estate of Mr. Bingley; Rosings Park: the estate of Lady Catherine de Bourgh, and Pemberley: Mr. Darcy’s estate. Major characters in this comically toned romance include Elizabeth and Jane Bennet, Mr. Darcy, Mr. Bingley, and Mr. Wickham. Elizabeth is the protagonistRead More An Analysis of Characters in Jane Austens Pride and Prejudice1662 Words   |  7 PagesAn Analysis of Characters in Jane Austens Pride and Prejudice An author will often give his or her work a title that reflects the overall theme or meaning of the piece-this is certainly the case in Jane Austens novel Pride and Prejudice. A title may set the mood or describe a situation which otherwise might require several paragraphs to develop. Pride and Prejudice is a combination of humor, irony, and twists of events. Austen entitles her work Pride and Prejudice to emphasize subtly theRead MorePride And Prejudice Character Analysis Essay1801 Words   |  8 Pagesis also impulsive, stubborn, and outspoken. The protagonist of Jane Austen’s novel ‘Pride and Prejudice’ remains to be one of the most famous female characters in English Literature. Often noted in Instagram captions or on a homemade canvas bag, a quote such as â€Å"Looking for my Mr. Darcy† or something along those lines can be found all over the internet. From the time of her creation to the present-day her character has stood as a source of inspiration to her readers. â€Å"Lizzy† is a heroine with whomRead MoreCharacter Analysis of Mr. Darcy in Pride and Prejudice Essay1019 Words   |  5 PagesCharacter Analysis: Mr. Darcy Introduced to Jane Austens Pride and Prejudice as a tall, handsome, self-absorbed aristocrat, Darcy experiences a change in personality and character. In order to dispose of his existent views on money and marriage, Darcy needed to feel something, to fall in love. Although he was well mannered, he did not know how to treat women with respect, especially those of a lesser economic status. The love of Elizabeth Bennet, however, changed his behavior. The reader isRead MoreWrite a Critical Analysis of Jane Austen’s Novel Pride and Prejudice, Paying Special Attention to Family Politics. Comment on the Elizabeth – Darcy Relationship. What Makes Elizabeth and Darcy Different from All Other Characters in the Novel?909 Words   |  4 PagesWrite a critical analysis of Jane Austen’s novel Pride and Prejudice, paying special attention to family politics. Comment on the Elizabeth – Darcy relationship. What makes Elizabeth and Darcy different from all other characters in the novel? Student: Daniela Gospodinova In the 19th century in England, when Jane Austen writes, the marriage is something that every young woman wants - to marry a single, wealthy men, showing both joy and gratitude. In the beginning of the novel, the openingRead MorePride Prejudice Literature Analysis1311 Words   |  6 PagesLiterature Analysis 2 The most difficult part of creating a masterpiece is the actual process of writing or composing it, one highly overlooked difficulty of the job of the creator is the development of a suitable title. In just a few words, an effective title gives the audience a basic idea of what they are about to spend their time reading about. Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice is an example of a novel with such a title that is very significant in the development of the story. As the readerRead MorePride And Prejudice Love Essay1238 Words   |  5 Pagesemanated. The basis for this analysis was whether relationships should be navigated utilizing emotion and feeling or reason and logic. The literary work of Regency era author, Jane Austen, details such a balance, as it endeavors to convey Austen’s interpretation of true affection between couples of well-examined intrinsic morality. The characters of Fitzwilliam Darcy and Elizabeth Bennet in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice conten d with the moral vices of pride and prejudice as they overcome judgementsRead MoreThe Representations of Femininity in Pride and Prejudice904 Words   |  4 Pagesrepressing period. Most of her characters and stories revolve around the lives of the upper class. It centers on the values, rituals, and manners of high society in England during the Regency Era. Her most popular novel, Pride and Prejudice published in 1813 maintains the interest of its audiences as it did almost two centuries earlier as evidenced by its frequent incarnations. In 1995, the British Broadcasting Corporation produced a six episode mini-series of Pride and Prejudice in partnership with Arts

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Paying Division One Athletes Free Essays

ENG 100P April 12, 2013 Pay to Play: Should Division One College Athletes be Paid? Every year division one college athletes put everything they have on the line during practice everyday and make hundreds of millions of dollars for their schools and the NCAA every year. These athletes aren’t just playing for the love of the game anymore once they reach the division one level, it turns into more of a job than an activity. The players spend hours every single day dedicating almost all of their time to the sport they play. We will write a custom essay sample on Paying Division One Athletes or any similar topic only for you Order Now These athletes work just as long and much harder than your average person working a nine to five job, so why don’t the athletes get paid for their commitments to their teams? Last year the NCAA made 871. 6 million dollars from division one sports. The average division one men’s football team brings in 15. 8 million dollars to their school each year. The amount of money that these sports make for their school is so high; the players should get some kind of reward for all they do for their schools. The old rules that say college athletes cant be paid in any way needs to change, division one college athletes deserve to be paid for all they do for the NCAA and their schools. Growing up every athlete’s dreams of playing in that national championship game for their dream school and scoring the winning touchdown or overtime goal. As a child you don’t realize that commitment it takes to be part of a division one athletic team. Coming from a big lacrosse and football town, my friends and I have gone through the division one recruiting process and know how hard it is to play a division one sport. Many of my former teammates play division one lacrosse and after talking to them I realized really how tough it is to play a division one sport. When asked about how lacrosse at Sacred Heart University was going, Freshman Spencer Hackett said; â€Å" I’ve grown up with lacrosse and I love the sport very much, but division one is so much more then I thought it would be. Everyday I have two practices that last at least two hour, then after that I have mandatory lift and film sessions. Spencer dedicates at least six hours every day for his team, and they’re one of the lowest ranked teams in division one, I can only imagine the commitment it takes to play on a high ranked team. In my personal experience of going through the division one recruiting process, I saw how much blood; sweat and tears go into being a division one athlete. On my overnight visit at University of Massachusetts, which is a top 20 team, most of my day was watching the team practice, or lift, or watch f ilm. It seemed like everything they did was revolved around lacrosse and to me that’s not what college is about. These division one athletes have such little time to socialize and make friends outside of their sports; everything they do is revolved around their sports. The fact that athletes willingly dedicate so much time to their sports is a huge reason why they should be paid. Division one athletics, especially sports such as football and basketball, are extremely profitable for the NCAA and for their schools. According to NCAA. org, the NCAA’s revenue for the 2011-2012 athletic seasons was 871. million dollars. The NCAA makes an extremely large amount of money from division athletics, with most of the money coming from television contracts and championships such as March Madness. Schools such as Texas make hundreds of millions of dollars because of their excellence in many sports, last year their football team profited $68,830,484. A lot of the money schools make, such a s Texas, is from selling merchandise. Big name schools sell tons of merchandise to the public; selling products such as jerseys should be illegal if they players don’t get paid. Why could they sell jerseys with players number on them but that player doesn’t get compensated for using their number on the jersey? Robert and Amy McCormick of Michigan State University have added a new dimension to the long debate over paying athletes by arguing they are â€Å"employees† under federal labor laws and entitled to form unions and negotiate wages, hours and working conditions. † Robert McCormick was the former attorney for the Nation Labor Relations Board and if he is saying that these players are employees, it’s about time that the NCAA recognizes them as employees also. A common argument against paying college athletes is that they won’t compete as hard because it won’t be the same as when they weren’t getting paid, but that argument has absolutely nothing to do with paying players. If anything, paying the players would make them work harder so that they could make more money! I believe that the best way to go about paying these players would be contracts, just like the professional athletes and like any other employee in the United States. These contracts would go on to say that the players would be paid an amount depending on their contribution to the team and that students would need to finish their schooling so that they have a backup plan. That is why you’re supposed to go to college in the first place, isn’t it? So that you can get a good education! To do this the NCAA would need the support from the professional sport teams and not draft players who haven’t graduated college yet. Another argument why players shouldn’t be paid to play is because they students-athletes and that there is a reason student becomes before athletes. Realistically, these young men and women aren’t student-athletes at all. Many of the players on division one team would never have gotten into college if it weren’t for sports. Also, if they are student-athletes then where do they find the time to do their schoolwork when they have practice, film, lifting, running etc. all day? The only reason many athletes go to college is so that they can get looks from the pros. If they are student-athletes then why do many of them leave college after a year or two to play professional sport? It’s because college is just a stepping-stone to them, they don’t care about the school aspect. When it comes to division one athletes, they are athletes first and students second. The players know it, the coaches know it, the fans know it, the only people who don’t know it are the people who make up the NCAA. In conclusion, times have changed and it’s time to pay division one athletes for their commitment and for the money they bring in for the schools and the NCAA. With college athletics competition being so tough now and so competitive, players have to dedicate so much more time to their sports then in the past. College athletics are not longer a sport that players do for fun, college athletics are now a job for the players that consists of hours of practice everyday and throwing your social life out for your sports college athletics make hundreds of millions of dollars for the NCAA and tens of millions of dollars for the schools, so why is it that these players don’t get compensated for their commitment and contribution to the schools and the NCAA? I personally believe that it is ridiculous that players don’t get paid anymore. One of my best friends Dylan Baumgardner, a lacrosse player at Quinnipiac University said it perfectly when asked if he still loved playing lacrosse, â€Å" I don’t play lacrosse anymore, I go to class, then I go to work all day, then I go to sleep. † Joe Nocera of the New York Times, came up with a plan for college athletics that would make college athletics work like professional sports with signing bonuses, salary caps, insurance, player unions and it would even offer additional scholarships to players who want to further their education. This plan will go into consideration in 2014. How to cite Paying Division One Athletes, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

Standards Vocabulary Reading Literary Domain Essay Example

Standards Vocabulary Reading Literary Domain Paper Adaptation This is a version of an original source (such as a diary, an autobiography, or a story) which is modified for presentation in another form, such as a film, a musical, or a play. Allusion This is the reference to a person, place, or event from history, literature, or religion with which a reader is likely to be familiar. Analyze This is to separate a whole into its parts. Archetypal Character This is a character in a work that represents a certain type of person. Argument (1) This involves one or more reasons presented by a speaker or a writer to lead the audience or reader to a conclusion on an issue. Argument (2) This is a statement that seeks to convince readers of something, addresses a problem, and takes a position. Central The key point made in a passage is called its ____ idea. Central Argument This is the dominant and controlling argument. Character This is an individuals mental or moral quality. Characterization This is the combination of ways that an author shows readers what a person in a literary selection is like. Characters These are the people or animals who take part in a literary work. Citation This is the notation of a source used for a paper Classic Something widely recognized as a model or example of a type of literary work. Classical Literature This includes great masterpieces of the Greek, Roman, and other ancient civilizations as well as any writing that is widely considered a model of its form. Conclusion This is when you use pieces of information on a subject to base your opinion or make a decision. You draw a ________. Conflict Often, an antagonistic relationship called a ___ drives the plot of a story or novel. Connotation This refers to the feelings and associations that go beyond the dictionary definition of a word. Context (1) This is the framework of meaning which surrounds a specific word, sentence, idea, or passage. Context (2) When we find the meaning of a word (or phrase) by looking at the words and sentences around it, we are using ____ clues. Context Clues These are in the text surrounding a word and give hints for the meaning of the word. They are called ___ ___. Controlling The _____ idea of a passage is the idea which is dealt with and recurs throughout the passage. Cultural Elements This includes language, ideologies, beliefs, values, and norms. These elements help to shape the life of a society. Cultural Setting This is the phrase for the set of values, beliefs, and opinions shared by a group and surrounding the author at the time of her writing. Definition Usually found in a dictionary, this tells you the meaning of a word or phrase. Denotation The literal definition of a word is also called its ______. Detail This is a piece of information that is used to support a main idea. Dialogue These are the words spoken by characters in a literary work. Diction This is the writers choice of words, including the vocabulary used, the appropriateness of the words, and the vividness of the language. Direct Characterization When a character is revealed by clear descriptions by the author, this is called _____ characterization. Dynamic A character who changes during the course of a story is called a _____ character. Euphemism This is the substitution of an agreeable or non-offensive phrase for one that might be unpleasant or offensive. Event This word means anything that happens to or is done by a character in a story. Evidence This is information that supports a thought or belief. Experience This is the name for what is gathered through the general process of living, or for the process itself. Fiction This is writing that tells about imaginary characters and events. Figurative Langauge This goes beyond the literal meanings of words to create special effects or feelings. Flashback This is a scene, a conversation, or an event that interrupts the present action to show something that happened in the past. Flat Character A character in a fictional work that is never fully developed by the author is called a ___ character. Formal Language This kind of language usually has longer sentences and a greater variety of words than everyday speech. Slang, contractions, and jargon are avoided. Historical The setting and circumstances in which a literary work is written or an event occurs are called its ___ context. Historical Setting This is the political, social, cultural, and economic time and place surrounding the creation of a literary text. Idiom This is a phrase in common use that can not be understood by literal or ordinary meanings. Implied Meaning This is a suggested, but not stated, definition. Indirect This is when an author reveals a person in the story through his/her words, thoughts, appearance, action, or what others think or say about him/her. It is called ___ characterization. Inference This is reading between the lines. It is taking something that you read and putting it together with something that you already know to make sense of what you read. You make an _____. Informal Language This is what people use in everyday speech. It usually consists of fairly short sentences and simple vocabulary. It is called _______ speech or language. Informational Text This is a type of real-world writing that presents material that is necessary or valuable to the reader. Internal Conflict This is when a character has a problem within him or herself. Jargon This refers to the language of a specialized type, usually dealing with a narrow area of study or knowledge. It has a slightly negative connotation, and can imply that the language is mere word play. Literal Meaning This is the ordinary, usual, or exact meaning of words, phrases, or passages. No figurative language or interpretation is involved. Literary Summary A _____ summary is a synopsis of the events, characters, and ideas in a work of literature. Main Idea This is the central and most important idea of a reading passage or presentation. Moral This is the theme of a passage, story, novel, poem, or drama that readers can apply to life. Motivation This is the wants, needs, or beliefs that cause a character to act or react in a particular way. Mystery This is a genre that often includes detectives and a crime that must be solved. Myth This is a traditional tale about gods, goddesses, heroes, and other characters. Mythology This is a body or collection of tales belonging to a people and addressing their origin, history, deities, ancestors, and heroes. It explains the actions of gods and goddesses or the cause of natural phenomena and includes supernatural elements. Non-literal This is when the meaning is NOT exact or word for word. It is figurative and it requires interpretation. Opinion This is an expression of an authors personal belief. It is not something that can be proved to be true or false. Paraphrase This is the restatement of a written work in ones own words that keeps the basic meaning of the original work. Person vs. Self This describes the type of conflict when the leading character struggles with himself/herself; with his conscience, feelings, or ideas. Perspective This is a writers or speakers point of view about a particular subject, and is often influenced by their beliefs or by events in their lives. Plot This is the series of events that happen in a literary work. Point of View This is the perspective from which a story is told. It is the way the author lets the readers see and hear the story; who tells the story. Quote If you repeat the words someone else has said or written, you ______ them. Sequence This is the order in which things are told in a story. Sequencing This is arranging things in order so they can be numbered or related in a connected series. Setting This is the time and place in which a literary work happens. Shakespeare He was a great poet and playwright during the English Renaissance. His works include Romeo and Juliet, The Tragedy of Macbeth, and many sonnets. Source (1) This is a person, book, document, website or record that provides information. Source (2) A research __________ is any material that can be used to locate information about a given topic. Static A _________ character does not change during the course of the action. Structure This refers to a writers arrangement or overall design of a literary work. It is the way words, sentences, and paragraphs are organized to create a complete work. Summarize This is to state briefly. Support (1) to strengthen or prove an argument or idea by providing facts, details, examples and other information Support (2) To strengthen your ideas and opinions with examples, facts, or details is to add _____ details. Supporting Evidence These are the facts or details that back up a main idea, theme, or thesis. Supporting Sentence A _____ sentence helps to clarify, describe, explain, or enhance the main idea of a paragraph. Technical Writing This is writing that communicates specific information about a particular subject, craft, or occupation. Tension This is a form of suspense or potential conflict. It can occur between characters or arise from general situations. Theme This is the message, usually about life or society, that an author wishes to convey through a literary work. Thesis The main point or central idea that a writer states and then endeavors to prove is called a ____. Thesis Statement This is the the main idea of an essay, usually expressed as a generalization that is supported with concrete evidence. Tone This is the attitude that an author takes toward the audience, the subject, or a character. Topic This is the specific part of a subject that is dealt with in a research paper or in an essay. Universal Theme This is the central message of a story, poem, novel, or play that many readers can apply to their own experiences, or to those of all people. Viewpoint This is a writers opinion or standpoint on an issue. Word Choice (1) This is another way of saying diction. This can help reveal a) the tone of the work, b) connotations of meaning, and/or c) his style of writing. Word Choice (2) This is the authors or speakers craft or style. It might be formal, informal, or even slang. Diction is a synonym.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Essay on The Truly Staggering Cost Of Inventing New Drugs

Essay on The Truly Staggering Cost Of Inventing New Drugs Essay on The Truly Staggering Cost Of Inventing New Drugs Essay on The Truly Staggering Cost Of Inventing New DrugsToday the drug issue is rather complicated. Drugs have always been a social problem. The use of illegal drugs makes other social problems worse. There are many reasons that can be applied to classify drugs as illegal (Mooney et al., 2012).   Many drugs are considered to be illegal because they share addictive qualities that can cause damage to human health. Besides, drugs can be legal in one country, but illegal in another country. The major reasons to this difference in drug distribution include political reasons, e.g. legalization of drugs, or procedural reasons, e.g. â€Å"approved by another federal regulatory body but not yet approved by the FDA† (Welborn, 2005, p. 10). At the same time, prescription drugs can be legal in the U.S., but taken illegally by individuals because of the difference in price or some other reasons, e.g. â€Å"no legal prescription obtained, or a drug prescribed for someone else† (We lborn, 2005, p. 10). Illegal drugs make other social problems worse, including such problems as the increased crime rate, overcrowded prisons, increased unemployment rate, the spread of AIDS and other health problems, decrease in the U.S. economy and inability to continue the invention of new effective drugs.There are many social problems caused by the use of illegal drugs. In the U.S. social problems are focused on violation of the established social norms, rules and regulations. The use of illegal drugs leads to the increased drug-related gang violence, which is connected with illegal cocaine and marihuana distribution.   The increased crime rate affects the society in general and each society member in particular. Although in some states marihuana is legally used for medical purposes, there are many cases which require special consideration as they lead to harmful actions (Mooney, 2012).The problem of overcrowded prisons is one more consequence of the use of illegal drugs in th e U.S. Those citizens who are involved in illegal distribution of drugs become criminals. There are many causes that lead to this social problem. According to researchers, â€Å"the arrest of street drug sellers puts pressure and expense on the already crowded prisons†(Parviz-Babalavi, 2010, p. 62). If drug sellers are arrested, they lose nothing. There are no laws that would fine these people, therefore, overcrowded prisons has become a serious social problem that affects budget and makes no revenue for the U.S. government.Another serious social problem caused by the distribution of illegal drugs in the U.S. is unemployment. As a rule, drug users are unemployed. They produce nothing and contribute nothing to the development of the U.S. society. The U.S. government is dealing with this social problem through the application of various social programs aimed at providing training and education courses for the unemployed (Mooney et al., 2012).Besides, the use of illegal drugs ma kes such social problem as the spread of AIDS worse. In many cases, the use of illegal drugs is associated with the spread of infectious diseases, including sexually transmitted diseases (Mooney et al., 2012; Welborn, 2005). In addition, the use of illegal drugs makes various family issues worse. For example, â€Å"conviction of a drug offense can lead to a parent being in prison, eviction from public housing, deportation and permanent exclusion from public assistance† (Mooney et al., 2012, p. 92).Finally, the use of illegal prescription drugs in the U.S. may lead to decrease in the U.S. economy. If the U.S. citizens continue to buy lower-priced prescription drugs in Canada, Mexico and other countries, there would be a considerable decrease in the U.S. economy (Herper, 2013). According to researchers, the cost of drug manufacturing is rather low, but the cost of new drugs development is rather high (Herper, 2013). One of the reasons of the high cost of prescription drugs in t he U.S. is that higher prices allow the U.S. pharmaceutical specialist to invent new effective drugs. According to researchers, â€Å"a single clinical trial can cost $100 million at the high end, and the combined cost of manufacturing and clinical testing for some drugs has added up to $1 billion† (Herper, 2013). This fact means that the use of illegal prescription drugs may lead to the decline in invention of new effective drugs.ConclusionThus, it is necessary to conclude that the use of illegal drugs can be viewed as a serious social problem that can make other social problems worse. The U. S. Government should take the proper actions to reduce the negative effects of illegal drugs on the U.S. society in general and on each member of society in particular. The classification of dugs as illegal involves various reasons, therefore, it would be better to place emphasis on each reason and find the proper solutions to eliminate the negative effects of illegal drug use in the U. S.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Herbert Spencer Quotations on Education

Herbert Spencer Quotations on Education Herbert Spencer  was an English philosopher, prolific writer, and advocate of education, science over religion, and evolution. He wrote four essays on education and is known for espousing that science is the knowledge of greatest worth. He is also known for the following famous quotations: â€Å"Mother, when your children are irritable, do not make them more so by scolding and fault-finding, but correct their irritability by good nature and mirthfulness. Irritability comes from errors in food, bad air, too little sleep, a necessity for change of scene and surroundings; from confinement in close rooms, and lack of sunshine.† â€Å"The great aim of education is not knowledge, but action.† â€Å"For discipline, as well as for guidance, science is of chiefest value. In all its effects, learning the meaning of things is better than learning the meaning of words.† â€Å"Those who have never entered upon scientific pursuits know not a tithe of the poetry by which they are surrounded.† â€Å"Education has for its object the formation of character.† â€Å"Science is organized knowledge.† â€Å"People are beginning to see that the first requisite to success in life is to be a good animal.† â€Å"In science the important thing is to modify and change ones ideas as science advances.† â€Å"The behavior of men to the lower animals, and their behavior to each other, bear a constant relationship.† â€Å"It cannot but happen†¦that those will survive whose functions happen to be most nearly in equilibrium with the modified aggregate of external forces†¦This survival of the fittest implies multiplication of the fittest.† â€Å"Progress, therefore, is not an accident, but a necessity†¦It is a part of nature.† â€Å"The survival of the fittest, which I have here sought to express in mechanical terms, is that which Mr. Darwin has called natural selection, or the preservation of favored races in the struggle for life. â€Å"When a mans knowledge is not in order, the more of it he has, the greater will be his confusion.† â€Å"Never educate a child to be a gentleman or lady alone, but to be a man, a woman.† â€Å"How often misused words generate misleading thoughts.† â€Å"The ultimate result of shielding men from the effects of folly, is to fill the world with fools.† â€Å"Every cause produces more than one effect.† â€Å"Government is essentially immoral.† â€Å"Life is the continuous adjustment of internal relations to external relations.† â€Å"Music must take rank as the highest of the fine arts - as the one which, more than any other, ministers to the human spirit.† â€Å"No one can be perfectly free till all are free; no one can be perfectly moral till all are moral; no one can be perfectly happy till all are happy. â€Å"There is a principle which is a bar against all information, which is proof against all arguments and which cannot fail to keep a man in everlasting ignorance - that principle is contempt prior to investigation.† â€Å"Much dearer be the things which come through hard distress.† â€Å"We too often forget that not only is there a soul of goodness in things evil, but very generally a soul of truth in things erroneous.† â€Å"Our lives are universally shortened by our ignorance.† â€Å"Be bold, be bold, and everywhere be bold.†

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Pestle Framework of Business Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Pestle Framework of Business - Essay Example From this discussion it is clear that  regarding the influence of the political environmental factors, matters of restrictions, policy, and other derivatives of the environment determine the nature of operations in ways that determine the trends of business. These factors have the capacity of enhancing the nature of business just as they have the potential of providing some robust framework that is used for the general performance of the business.This discussion highlights that it is important to consider some of the issues attending to the processes of business in terms of the various issues that affect and are in turn affected by the environmental factors. An awareness of these factors is necessary for the processes of planning, strategizing, budgeting, and the general management of the business. The development of strategy is usually determined by the ability of the business to use all the positive values and qualities that are necessary for the sustenance of the business. In es sence, the levels of success or failure of a business is necessarily determined by the manner in which the business connects with environmental factors as considered within the aspect of reality.  The political environment usually occurs in ways that are generally available for the determination of the levels of performance of the business. It is important to consider the fact that the political factors are connected to the other macro-economic factors that determine the nature of the operating environment.... The political environment usually occurs in ways that are generally available for the determination of the levels of performance of the business. It is important to consider the fact that the political factors are connected to the other macro-economic factors that determine the nature of the operating environment. Political factors in the environment of business could be conducive or hostile depending on a range of factors. Political environments that feature stringent conditions and policies will essentially stifle the aspect of competition within the process (Murray-Webster, 2010, p. 121). The realization of the range of factors that attend to the issues and values of the organization will essentially lead to the development of issues based on some of the matters that attend to matters of relevance and the determination of a range of factors that attend to the issues related to commerce and enterprise. Some of the issues that affect the operations of business are largely regulated by the fact that issues affecting business are essentially regulated by concerns in the world of business. Regarding the economic forces, certain economic factors have a direct impact on the manner in which businesses operate as understood within the framework of environmental factors. Generally, some of the issues that attend to the matter of challenge are necessarily controlled by the manner in which certain issues and processes are regulated. Economic growth and exchange rates are some of the economic factors that affect the performance of businesses within certain economic environments (Cheverton, 2005, p. 30). Economic growth encompasses a range of factors such as the availability of efficient banking services and robust and dependable